Organizations are aware of the need to reduce their carbon footprints. Unfortunately there is no one-size-fits-all approach when it comes to becoming an environmentally friendly and socially responsible business. This course helps companies understand what they need to do in order to operate greener and achieve their goals.
You'll learn about important industry issues and trends from multiple perspectives, and at different scales, and explore:
- Which solutions have the greatest ability to effect change
- How to implement strategies in the most efficient and effective way, valuing economic and natural resources,
- What impact technological advances such as 3D printing, process intensification, and autonomous vehicles may have on sustainability efforts
- How to manage conflicting goals, such as, longer life products (circular economy) versus rapid product development (re-industrialization).
The class uses our book Thermodynamics and the Destruction of Resources (Cambridge University Press, 2011) and builds on these topics from a solid basis. Examples will be taken from diverse areas but with special attention to current and emerging chemical and manufacturing processes and product analysis. Participants are encouraged to bring sample cases for discussion and class will include time for hands-on LCA demonstrations.
Note: This course was previously titled "Energy, Sustainability, and Lifecycle Assessment."
It is highly recommended that you apply for a course at least 6-8 weeks before the start date to guarantee there will be space available. After that date you may be placed on a waitlist. Courses with low enrollment may be cancelled up to 4 weeks before start date if sufficient enrollments are not met. If you are able to access the online application form, then registration for that particular course is still open.
- Understand how to calculate, evaluate, monitor and quantify carbon, and other resource footprints at different scale
- Assess different technologies and which approaches work best for specific goals
- Explore new approaches, promising products, services and opportunities for innovation
- Gain insights on impact of emerging technologies and trends, as well as the potential effects of global trade
- Get an overview of different energy sources: traditional and transformational
- Learn how to design and implement new processes and systems that promote sustainability in the most economically feasible, societally acceptable and environmentally sustainable way
Who Should Attend:
Who should attend:
This class is intended for professionals from manufacturing, design, energy, and sustainability practicing in industry, government and non-profits, as well as for academics (faculty, researchers, and graduate students). Participants are encouraged to bring sample cases for discussion and class will include time for hands-on LCA demonstrations.
Laptops with the ability to run openLCA are required.
9:00 am – 10:30 am: Introduction and Outline (Gutowski)
- Meet and greet, discuss outline, goals of the class
- Technology and development
10:30 am – 10:45am: Break
10:45 am – 12:15 pm: Sustainability and Technology (Gutowski)
- Sustainability from different perspectives
- Sustainability at different scales: attempts to quantify
12:15 pm – 1:30 pm: Lunch Break (on your own)
1:30 pm – 3:00 pm: Technology and Sustainability (Gutowski)
- Technology and economic Development
- Supply and Demand Challenges
- Discussion and evaluation
3:00 pm – 3:15 pm: Break
3:15 pm – 4:45 pm: Key Thermodynamic Concepts (Sekulic)
- Revisiting the meaning/determination of energy, available energy (exergy), and associated fundamental thermodynamic concepts for open/closed systems
- Evaluation of physical and chemical exergy, calculation procedures, identification of the environment for a considered system for reference states
- Examples of exergy calculation for energy interactions (heat and work) and flow exergies of material streams
8:30 am – 9:00 am: Breakfast
9:00 am – 10:30 am: Energy for Sustainable Development (Sekulic)
- Energy and materials resources (global and local scales, scale/system selection, fossil and renewable); Energy flows (Sankey) and exergy flows (Grassmann) at different systems’ scales
- Energy conversion efficiencies, traditional and transformational technologies; Theoretical (Thermodynamics) limits
- Energy/exergy flows and balances (e.g., materials processing and manufacturing)
- Exergo-economic concepts
- Examples of exergy losses’ calculations for selected technologies, allocation of internal and external losses
10:30 am – 10:45 am: Break
10:45 am – 12:15 pm: LCA Methods & Examples (Bakshi)
- Methodology, ISO 1400 guidelines
- Process LCA
- Input/output methods (expanding boundaries using physical and financial flows)
- Energy analysis
12:15 pm – 1:30 pm: Lunch (on your own)
1:30 pm – 3:00 pm: Advanced LCA: Open LCA & Energy Analysis (Bakshi)
- Introduction to Open LCA and in-class exercise
- Input-Output LCA
3:00 pm – 3:15 pm: Break
3:15 – 4:45 pm: Advanced LCA: MRIO, Consequential LCA, Ecosystem Services (Bakshi)
- Demonstrations of new LCA methods including multi-regional input-output (MRIO) models to assess effects of global trade, consequential LCA (e.g. ethanol and land use)
- Life cycle costing
- Ecosystem services
- Ecosystem Services in LCA
8:30 am – 9:00 am: Breakfast
9:00 am – 10:30 am: Design for Sustainability (Bakshi)
- Design as optimization
- Life cycle design of processes
- Integrated design of technological and ecological systems
- Opportunities for innovation
- Circular Economy
10:30 am – 10:45 am: Break
10:45 am – 12:15 pm: Solutions Approaches (Gutowski)
- Substitution, efficiency, and end-of-pipe treatment
- Technology Wedge diagrams
- Carbon taxes and markets
- Behavior: rebound, automobile & behavior
12:15 pm – 1:30 pm: Lunch (provided)
1:30 – 3:00: Solution Approaches and Case studies
- MIT Case Study
3:00 pm – 3:15 pm: Break
3:15 pm – 4:00 pm: Final Session
- Final thoughts, open discussion, distribution of certificates
4:00 pm: ADJOURN
“Text” refers to:
Bakshi, B. R., Gutowski, T. G., and Sekulic, D. P., Thermodynamics and the Destruction of Resources, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2011. This will be given out on the first day of class.
Suggested pre-reading resources include:
Allwood, J. M., and Cullen, J. M., Sustainable Materials – With Both Eyes Open, UIT Cambridge Ltd., UK, 2012.
Ashby, M. F., Materials and the Environment, Second ed. Butterworth-Heinemann, London, 2013.
Gutowski, T. G., Sahni, S., Allwood, J., Ashby, M., Worrell, E., The Energy Required to Produce Materials: Constraints on Energy Intensity Improvements, Parameters of Demand, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. A. 371, 2013.
Hendricson, C. T., Lave, L. B., and Matthews, H. S., Environmental Assessment of Goods and Services; An Input-Output Approach, Resources for the Future, 2006.
Hertwich, E. G., Peters, G. P., Carbon Footprint of Nations: A Global Trade-linked Analysis, Env. Sci. Technol. 43, 6414-6420, 2009.
Rockström, J., Safe Operating Space for Humanity, Nature, Vol. 461, 24 Sept. 2009.
Smil, V., Energy in Nature and Society, General Energetics of Complex Systems, The MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, 2008.
Urban, R. A., Bakshi, B. R., Techno-Ecological Synergy as a Path Toward Sustainability of a North American Residential System, Env. Sci. Technol., 47, 2985-1993, 2013.
Class runs 9:00 am - 4:45 pm each day except for Wednesday when it ends at 4:00 pm. On the final day lunch will be provided.
Evening activities, including dinner on Tuesday, are included in tuition.
IN-HOUSE CONSULTANT - INFRASTRUCTURE PLANNING, JAPAN INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AGENCY
"The course materials (slides) provided a summary while the textbook provided comprehensive information about the subject. I found both of them very useful and continue to refer to them at work."
MEMBERSHIP CHAIR, SOCIETY OF WOMEN ENGINEERS
"My experience at MIT this summer was fantastic. Taking this class allowed me to get re-energized about the topic of sustainability and to increase my understanding of some technical topics. I look forward to participating in future Short Programs at MIT."
HEALTH, SAFETY, ENVIRONMENT AND SECURITY OFFICER, EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY (ESA)
"I will start using the knowledge gained in order to improve the analysis tools and schemes in place for corporate reporting and environmental project evaluation and management."
OPERATIONS MANAGER, EXPLORASUR S.A.S
"It was a wonderful opportunity to broaden my perspective to the issue of sustainability and lifecycle improvement. I met very interesting people with whom I will communicate in the future to achieve creating knowledge networks in order to develop research projects and continue working about this subject."
OWNER, WILSON BIOCHAR ASSOCIATES
"The faculty are wonderful people who clearly care a great deal about the subject matter and are inspired to share it with students. I really loved the dinner we had together and other opportunities for individual conversations. I also liked how they encouraged class participation in discussion and questions. I left with very warm feelings about this class and the faculty. Thank you!"
Timothy Gutowski received his Ph.D. in mechanical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1981. Currently he is a professor of mechanical engineering at MIT and a member of the Laboratory for Manufacturing and Productivity (LMP). He was the director of LMP from 1994 to 2004, and the associate department head for mechanical engineering from 2001 to 2005. From 1999 to 2001, he was the chairman of the National Science Foundation and Department of Energy panel on Environmentally Benign Manufacturing. He has over 150 technical publications and seven patents and patent applications. He is the editor of the book Advanced Composites Manufacturing, published by John Wiley in 1997.
Professor Gutowski’s research over the past 15 years has focused on the environmental issues associated with manufacturing including processes, products, and systems. His work on manufacturing processes is extensive, including the analysis (energy and materials) of such processes as machining; grinding, casting, forming and injection molding, advanced machining processes such as abrasive waterjet and electrical discharge machining, semiconductor and MEMS processes, nano-materials manufacturing processes, and other new technologies. In addition, he has worked extensively on recycling processes, systems, and product design for recycling, as well as on product remanufacturing and energy savings. His work also includes the energy payback analysis for new energy systems during growth, and LCA applied to personal life styles called “Environmental Life Style Analysis.”
Bhavik Bakshi received his Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology with a minor in technology and environmental policy. Currently, he is a professor of chemical and biomolecular engineering, and civil environmental and geodetic engineering at The Ohio State University (OSU). He is also the research director of the Center for Resilience at OSU and a visiting professor at IIT, Bombay. From 2010 to 2012, he was the vice chancellor of TERI University in New Delhi, India. He has published more than 100 articles in areas such as process systems engineering, sustainability, science, and engineering.
Professor Bakshi’s research is developing systematic and scientifically rigorous methods for improving the sustainability and efficiency of engineering activities. This includes new methods for analyzing the life cycle of existing and emerging technologies and for the design of sustainable chemical processes and supply chains. A major focus of his research is on understanding and including the role of ecosystem services in industrial activities. This has resulted in the approach of ecologically-based LCA, which is available at http://resilience.osu.edu/ecolca. He continues to develop new analytic and design methods based on considering synergies and trade-offs between technological and ecological systems. Application of this techno-ecological synergy approach to biofuel life cycles and design of sustainable habitats demonstrates the challenges and opportunities of engineering within ecological constraints as a path toward sustainability.
Dusan Sekulic received his D.Sc. in mechanical engineering from the University of Belgrade, Yugoslavia, in 1982. Currently, he is a professor of mechanical engineering at the University of Kentucky, Lexington. He is a fellow of ASME and is a professor at the Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin, PR China. He is the author of over 150 refereed research publications, more than a dozen book chapters, and the author of the book Fundamentals of Heat Exchanger Design (jointly with R.K. Shah), published by John Wiley & Sons, USA, in English, and China Machine Press, Beijing, in Chinese. He is the editor of the book Advances in Brazing: Science, Technology and Applications, Woodhead, Cambridge, UK, and editor of the Handbook of Heat Exchanger Design, Begell House, NY, USA.
Professor Sekulic’s research has been on thermodynamics aspects of energy and non-energy producing systems. His work on thermal design of heat exchangers used in these systems is extensive. His focus over the past 10 years has been on materials processing in various manufacturing processes, in particular experimental and theoretical work in the domain of molten metal wetting and spreading for materials processing related to soldering and brazing. His interest involves studies of energy and material flows in large non-energy producing systems, such as in manufacturing, with emphasis on transformational technology selection.
This course takes place on the MIT campus in Cambridge, Massachusetts. We can also offer this course for groups of employees at your location. Please complete the Custom Programs request form for further details.
|Fundamentals: Core concepts, understandings, and tools (30%)||30|
|Latest Developments: Recent advances and future trends (25%)||25|
|Industry Applications: Linking theory and real-world (30%)||30|
|Other: Decision making and designing for change (15%)||15|
|Lecture: Delivery of material in a lecture format (60%)||60|
|Discussion or Groupwork: Participatory learning (20%)||20|
|Labs: Demonstrations, experiments, simulations (20%)||20|
|Introductory: Appropriate for a general audience (25%)||25|
|Specialized: Assumes experience in practice area or field (55%)||55|
|Advanced: In-depth explorations at the graduate level (20%)||20|