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Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) is a process to evaluate the environmental burdens associated with a product, process, or activity by identifying and quantifying energy and materials usage and environmental releases, to assess the impact of those and to evaluate and implement opportunities to effect environmental improvements.
“An important way to improve the environmental performance of industry is to quantify, treat, and reduce industrial byproducts. This objective could be achieved through industrial symbiosis or byproduct synergy, terms used for beneficial reuse of materials or energy streams from one facility by another.”
- Elsa Olivetti, Associate Director, MIT Climate and Sustainability Consortium, Esther and Harold E. Edgerton Associate Professor, Department of Materials Science and Engineering, MIT